Negative Impact of Food Supplements: Do you also resort to supplement food to overcome the deficiency of nutrition and protein in your body? If yes then be careful. The Food Safety Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has told in its report that about 15 percent of protein powders and food supplements in the country are not safe. According to FSSAI, people who consume them are making their heart, kidney and liver sick. Actually, FSSAI had taken samples of 1.5 lakh dietary supplements during 2021-22 for safety standard testing, out of which about 4890 samples have been found not suitable for health.
These are shocking figures. Because most of the young population of India goes to gym and takes support of these food supplements to make body. Apart from this, those fitness freaks who are unable to include nutrition in their diet, they resort to these supplements. Now a question must be arising in your mind that what are food supplements and what is there in them that can make your heart, liver and kidney sick? Actually, we are not able to take nutrients in food, to make up for their deficiency in the body, dietary supplements are taken in the form of powder or tablets.
Why supplements can prove fatal?
These dietary supplements can be vitamins, minerals, herbs, enzymes, amino acids. So we asked Ankit Singh Suklecha, master trainer of Skill India and India’s only sports nutritionist who has studied nutrition in FDA, USA, how these products are being given with wrong quantity and wrong information, which not only Proving to be fatal for health, but also prove to be fatal. Ankit told us how our body makes amino acids on its own, but many supplements also contain its quantity in food. He said that due to not having the right information written on the product, people use it many times and it directly attacks the liver. Ankit told us that the dietary supplement industry also needs self-regulation.
Supplements behind the rise in heart attacks?
Senior cardiologist Dr. Vishal told us that most of the youth going to the gym use it. It would not be wrong to say that one of the reasons for which heart attack cases have increased in today’s time is the excessive consumption of food supplements. People do not know how dangerous it is for health. Youngsters get impressed by seeing advertisements of healthy drinks on TV or social media, whereas in reality we do not need to take them. They contain a lot of sugar, due to which metabolism is affected and these drinks also become a major cause of obesity. According to FSSAI, nutraceuticals are such food which not only fulfills the deficiency of nutrients in the body, but also helps in curing many diseases.
There are three types of nutraceuticals: foods, beverages and dietary supplements. Interestingly, 64% of nutraceuticals in India are in the form of vitamin and mineral supplements. Rosewalk Hospital- Dr. Rashi Chahal, Senior Dietician at Rosewalk Hospital, Delhi, read this report and said that it should be seen not only by the youth but also by pregnant women. Because due to the effect of poor nutrition, the baby growing in the womb also becomes a victim of malnutrition. It is unfortunate that instead of meeting the nutritional deficiency through diet, supplements are resorted to. Doctor Rashi told that which food supplements are good for health and why our lifestyle is getting worse, due to which we need these food supplements.
Why do we need food supplements?
He said, ‘Usually there is no deficiency of protein in the body in the same way as other nutrients. If you are still taking protein supplement, then keep in mind that it is not easily digested in the body. The body does not get any special benefit by taking it. A healthy diet should have at least 500 grams of vegetables and fruits every day. A person should get at least 8% of daily calories from these things present in the plate. But the reality is that 80% of Indians do not take a healthy diet. According to the guidelines of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), 0.8 to 1 gram of protein should be taken for every kg of body weight.
Doctor Rashi said, ‘When someone takes more protein for a long time, there can be a bad effect on the kidney. There can also be a stone in the kidney. High protein diet can also cause liver and heart diseases. Indians eat a lot of grains in their diet, but pulses, green vegetables and fruits, dry fruits and dairy products are not included in their plate. This is the reason that instead of meeting the nutritional deficiency with diet, people resort to supplements, which cause a lot of harm. Doing this should be avoided.
FIRST PUBLISHED : January 15, 2023, 14:54 IST
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