New Delhi. The Health Department has swung into action after the first case of monkeypox was reported in the country’s capital Delhi. This is the fourth case of monkeypox in the country. Earlier, the three cases of monkeypox found in India were all from Kerala. The first case of monkeypox has been registered in the capital on 24 July 2022. There is no travel history of this patient found in Delhi. The disease has spread to this person through local infection. This person has returned from Himachal Pradesh only a few days ago. At the same time, the three cases of this disease that have been reported in Kerala, they all came from the United Arab Emirates. In such a situation, the question arises whether the person taking the monkeypox virus corona vaccine can also get it? Who can come first in the grip of this disease? Where are the blood samples of patients with symptoms of monkeypox sent for testing? How many days does it take for this disease to be confirmed? What are the initial signs and symptoms of monkeypox, where should a patient go first after they appear? Also, after how many days a person suffering from this disease gets cured?
The lone monkeypox patient found in Delhi is being treated on the 7th floor of the emergency ward of Lok Nayak Hospital. This patient is currently admitted in the isolation ward of the hospital and the patient is recovering. Dr. Vineet Railhan, the nodal officer appointed for monkeypox patients at LNJP Hospital, says in a conversation with News18 Hindi. ‘This 34-year-old man was admitted to LNJP Hospital about three days ago after showing initial symptoms of monkeypox. The patient’s samples were sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) Pune on Saturday. After examining the blood sample of the person, the samples were found positive. However, this person has no history of traveling from abroad. The man was admitted to the hospital with fever and skin lesions. This patient is recovering now and there is no danger of any kind. The patient is fine.
The lone monkeypox patient found in Delhi is being treated on the 7th floor of the emergency ward of Lok Nayak Hospital.
What is monkeypox?
Let us tell you that monkeypox is a disease spread by virus. It is a viral zoonotic infection, which can spread from animals to humans. It can also spread from person to person. It was mainly transmitted from rodents to humans in West African countries mainly Nigeria and Congo. The disease is called monkeypox because it was first identified in 1958 in colonies of monkeys kept for research in Zaire (now Congo). It was later found in humans in the 1970s.
From which part of the body does it spread more?
At present this epidemic spreads from human to human body mainly through the sexual route of the body. The easiest way to spread this disease is through contact and sexual route. The highest number of cases in the world have been seen in homosexuals. Therefore, these classes are most at risk of this disease. Along with this, you can also get infected through this disease like mouth to mouth, direct skin contact, fomites. In this, wounds in the skin, vesicle fluid, pieces of scab are highly contagious.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared monkeypox as a ‘public health emergency’.(Symbolic Image)
Main symptoms of this disease
Fever, back pain, deep weakness, rash. This disease causes the lymph glands to swell. It is followed by or accompanied by the development of a rash that may last for two to three weeks. Vascular rashes occur on the face, palms and soles. The rash spares the trunk. Symptoms usually last for two to three weeks. The infection gets cured in 6 to 13 days.
Treatment, laboratory and medicine of this disease in India
Samples of patients with symptoms of this disease are sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune. This is the only lab in India where monkeypox patients are confirmed. Many effective anti-viral drugs are used in this disease. A drug named Tecovirimat is currently being given in India. Patients suffering from monkeypox are usually more than 45 years of age or people below 45 years of age are coming under the wraps of this disease, who have not yet taken the smallpox vaccine.
Person infected with both corona and monkeypox simultaneously (News18)
Which vaccine is effective?
The smallpox vaccine provides cross immunity against monkeypox in 85% of cases. People in their late 50s and 40s with traces of two large smallpox vaccinations may be protected. During the Corona period in the country, the immunity of most of the population has decreased. Smallpox vaccination was abandoned in the late 70s. Experts believe that it crosses safely from monkey pox.
Prevention and treatment of this disease
If you have a wound in your body, do not leave the house. The patient should remain isolated till all the wounds are healed. Long sleeves and long pants should be worn. Also, the triple layer mask should also be with him at all times. In addition, fever medicine, good diet, anti-viral calamine lotion on wounds should be reserved for the immunocompromised and the malnourished, who are prone to complications. Along with this, protection of HCW, masks, PPE kits, hand washing, frequent hand washing with soapy water, disinfection using 1% sodium hypochlorite should be done with proper disposal of clothes and linen.
This disease is spreading more mainly in Western Europe, African countries.
This disease has spread to about 77 countries of the world. So far, more than 16000 cases have come. This disease is spreading more mainly in Western Europe, African countries. The first case of monkeypox in the country was reported on July 14 in Kollam district of South Kerala. The second case came to light on 18 July and the third case on 22 July in Kerala itself. All three men had returned after traveling abroad.
FIRST PUBLISHED : July 25, 2022, 18:09 IST
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