Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease.
Children suffering from this cannot sit or walk without support.
There is an injection for its treatment, whose cost is in crores.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy: AIIMS Delhi Pediatrics Department has written a recommendation letter to the father of an 11-month-old patient. In this, financial assistance of Rs 17.5 crore has been sought for the treatment of the child. Child Kanav Jangra is suffering from a rare disease called Spinal muscular atrophy type-1. Special injections are required for its treatment. Now we know how dangerous this disease is. Why it takes crores of rupees for its treatment and what are its symptoms?
Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease. There are many types of this disease. But type-1 is the most serious in this. According to WebMD, in the disease the child is not able to support his head or sit without help. His arms and legs may become loose and there may be problems in swallowing. Because of weakness in the muscles that control breathing, most children with type 1 SMA do not survive beyond the age of two.
what are the symptoms
Children who suffer from spinal muscular atrophy type-1, their muscles become weak. There is a lack of water in the body and they have difficulty in breastfeeding and breathing. The muscles of children suffering from this disease become so weak that they are not able to move. Due to spinal muscular atrophy disease, children gradually become so disabled that they need a ventilator to even breathe.
How dangerous is the disease?
Spinal muscular atrophy type-1 is a very dangerous disease. The genes responsible for this disease block or interfere with the production of proteins necessary for the smooth functioning of the nervous system in the body. As a result of which the nervous system is destroyed and the victim children die.
What is the treatment?
Special injection is required for this disease. This special injection is imported from America. But the biggest problem is its cost. The cost of this injection is around Rs 17 crore. This injection weakens the muscles of the children and deactivates the gene that causes problems in movement and breathing. At the same time, it starts producing proteins necessary for nerve cells. After this, the physical and mental development of children starts happening normally. The name of this injection is Zolgensma.
FIRST PUBLISHED : January 26, 2023, 10:43 IST
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